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ePub Pernkopf Anatomy, Vol. 2: Atlas of Topographic and Applied Human Anatomy (Thorax, Abdomen and Extremities) (English and German Edition) download

by Werner Platzer,Harry Monsen

ePub Pernkopf Anatomy, Vol. 2: Atlas of Topographic and Applied Human Anatomy (Thorax, Abdomen and Extremities) (English and German Edition) download
Werner Platzer,Harry Monsen
Urban & Schwarzenberg; Subsequent edition (December 1, 1989)
Medicine & Health Sciences
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1387 kb
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Pernkopf Anatomy, Vol. 2: Atlas of Topographic and Applied Human Anatomy (Thorax, Abdomen and .

Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy, Vol. 1: Head and Neck (v. 1). Eduard Pernkopf.

Sobotta Atlas of Human Anatomy, Volume 2: Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis, Lower Limb. The most read book in first year of medical life. Materials for High Temperature Power Generation an. . Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy, Vol. 322 Pages·1980·88 Materials for High Temperature Power Generation and Process Plant Applications. 59 MB·42,947 Downloads·New!

Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy, Vol. 2: Thorax, Abdomen and Extremities (v. 2). The atlas are in a great condition as indicated in their description. for an anatomist an explicit demonstration of perfection. The cloud under which it was conceived remains,but its educative effect will benefit many. With respect and love let's honor the pictured ones. 8 people found this helpful.

ISBN 13: 9780806715636.

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ISBN13 9783541715633.

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Pernkopf, Eduard, 1888-1959. v. 1. Head and neck v. 2. Thorax, abdomen, and extremities. USHMM copy 2 of vol. 1 and copy 1 of vol. 2 were donated in memory of J. George Sharnoff, . Saunders C. 1963-64. Translation of: Atlas der topographischen und angewandten Anatomie des Menschen. Keywords and Subjects. Anatomy, Surgical and s. Human anatomy-Atlases. pathologist, by his daughter, Anne Sharnoff Kasper, P.

Dust cover has a bit of wear, but book is in near perfect condition
  • The first order of business is to review these two books for what they are: an anatomical atlas. As countless others have remarked since their publication over 50 years ago, these are unarguably the most beautiful anatomical renderings of the human body yet produced. The dissection angles, exquisite details, saggital and coronal sections and 3-D renderings are astonishing, particularly when it is understood that work on this two volume atlas began in 1933 and ended 30 years later. Volume 1, which covers the anatomy of the head and neck, is indispensable for surgeons operating in this terrain. The sheer beauty of the illustrations reflects the hard reality that over 1,400 bodies were dissected to produce these books. The beauty of the illustrations thus reflects a knowledge of human anatomy that is at once enclyopaedic and intimate. After many years of surgey, dissection and autopsies, my impression of Pernkopf's atlas is that it might well have been lovingly executed by the very designer of the bodies it depicts. The images capture a deep love and appreciation for both the structure and the mechanics of the fabric of the human body.

    Having said these things, I would hasten to add that this is not a stand-alone anatomy atlas, nor is it an atlas that can be used straightaway as a guide to human cadaver dissection. Yes, medical and other students of human anatomy could greatly benefit from this book, but mostly in conjunction with other books that offer didactic text, correlation with contemporary medical imaging modalities, such as CT, MRI and ultrasound, and increasingly, access to web based resources, such as interactive 3-D renderings, many additional images and complementary text and videos.

    And that brings me to my next point, which is the difference between the yeoman and the consummate professional. For students who are financially constrained, there is often no alternative but to purchase one anatomy atlas/textbook. However, enter the inner sanctum of any true professional who's livelihood and passion depend upon the mastery of human anatomy and you will find numerous texts and Atlases. Netter's, Grant's and the more recent photographic anatomical atlases all have advantages that merit their ownership and consultation, as needed. If human anatomy is simply a subject to be got through and a class to be passed, then any one of these, or several other offerings, depending upon the student's temperament and inclinations, will suffice. On the other hand, if you are to spend any serous time toiling in the intricate macrostructure of the human body, layer upon adherent layer and all held together under a slight vacuum, as it is, then you could not be better served than by spending a fair bit of quality time with Pernkopf's masterwork.

    Alas, I cannot leave off my comments here. In the 1990s, controversy over the morality and ethics of using Pernkopf's atlas began to surface. There were allegations that the cadavers used in the books' dissections were Nazi concentration camp inmates and political dissidents executed by the Nazi regime. The former allegation has not been substantiated, but the latter allegation is a near virtual certainty. This has lead to an outcry to pull the books from use and even to consign them to flames. The argument in favor of this position is simple: the books are the fruit of a poisonous tree and are therefore morally tainted and anyone who uses them will, as a consequence, have unclean hands and share in the moral turpitude of Pernkopf and his associates, who were indeed ardent Nazis.

    There are problems with this argument on many levels. Much of our civilization is the direct or indirect product of immense human suffering, brutal exploitation and wholesale and grossly unjust slaughter of innocent human beings. No stigma is attached to touring the blood soaked temples of the Maya or the Aztecs, to traveling on roads or living in buildings produced by slave labor that resulted in staggering misery, morbidity and mortality. Few give any thought to the wholesale theft of the intellectual property of men like Tesla, Semmelweiss and countless others, who suffered penury and humiliation and no infrequently loss of health and life as a result - suffering and hopelessness that, in many cases, went on for decades. Alternating current is used by almost all with the flip of a switch without a thought given to the injustice that made it possible. Indeed, a significant fraction of every dollar we spend and every economic transaction we engage in is derived directly from the abuse, exploitation and deaths of other human beings. Travel the world and see where and how much of your clothing, consumer electronics, household goods and even medical supplies are made, and then give some careful consideration as to just how clean your hands are.

    The solution to this problem is not to discard Pernkopf's books. In fact, to do so would remove a primary source of life giving value that arguably, in some small way, helps to repay the terrible cost in life and terror that the victims who were anatomized to produce these books suffered. Their sufferings and deaths cannot be undone and it is a Phyrric victory to destroy, or refuse to benefit from, the life giving work-product that resulted from their sacrifice.

    So what is the moral thing to be done? First and foremost, it is critical to inform each and every user of this work of its origins and of the enormous price paid in human life and human dignity in creating it. Second, it is absolutely essential that the authors and their heirs, institutional or individual, in no way profit from the work. What this means in practical terms is that these books should be placed in the public domain and made freely available to all of humanity for the good they can do, with the proviso that there be full full disclosure, as well as gratitude and honor given, to those whose lives were taken to create this beautiful and valuable anatomical masterpiece. Users of these books should also be encouraged to provide payment for the benefit they receive by contributing time, money, or both to institutions that fight against the abuse and exploitation of people for economic gain, or to advance ideological, religious or racist agendas.

    In short, the deed is done and in this, as in so many other instances, exploitation and abuse of people have produced both beauty and lifesaving goodness. Destruction of, or failure to use this asset does nothing to decrease the chances that such abuses will not recur. Pernkopf and his colleagues are long dead. The work will endure despite the most comprehensive efforts to ban it. The only solution available that both serves as a deterrent, and in some small way mitigates the evil of what was done, is to ensure that no economic advantage results from the continued use of such works, and that the reputations of the men who produced it are blackened from this point forward, as well they should be.


    The following biography is mainly based on the article "The History of Eduard Pernkopf's Topographische Anatomie des Menschen" (see bibliography) by David J. Williams, Professor and Director, Medical Illustration and Communications, Purdue University. His article is a must for anybody who wants to know more about this subject. We thank David J. Williams for permission to use this material.

    Eduard Pernkopf was the son of a practicing physician and the youngest of three children. Already as a child his great interest was music, but his father died in 1903, and in order to help support his family he decided on a medical career. After attending the Horn Gymnasium he enrolled in the Vienna Medical School in 1907. Here he was active in a nationalistic German student fraternity, Die akademische Burschenschaft Allemania, founded in 1815. Pernkopf received his medical degree in 1912. From that year he was assistant in the II. Anatomical institute of Vienna and for the next fourteen taught anatomy at various posts throughout Austria. He also served as a physician for one year during World War I.

    The abilities of the young physician were noted by Ferdinand Hochstetter (1861-1954), director of the anatomical institute in Vienna, who soon became a father figure for Pernkopf. He taught Pernkopf topographical anatomy and in 1920 Pernkopf became his assistant. Pernkopf was habilitated for anatomy in 1921, becoming professor extraordinary in 1926, and in May, 1928, he became professor of anatomy at the University of Vienna. In April, 1933, he succeeded Ferdinand Hochstetter (1861-1954) as director of the anatomical institute.

    Pernkopf was a fervent believer in National Socialism. He joined the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Worker's Party, NSDAP, or Nazi Party in 1933 and the Sturmabteilung, SA, or Brown Shirts, a year later. After Hitler's invasion of Austria in 1938, the Anschluss, he was instated as dean of the medical school. One of his first acts as dean was to purge the medical school faculty of Jews and other undesirable members. The University of Vienna, once among the premier medical schools of Europe, lost 153 of its 197 faculty members, including 3 Nobel laureates.

    In his first official speech in his new capacity, Pernkopf issued the following charge to his faculty in words that clearly predict both euthanasia and eventual Holocaust:

    "To assume the medical care -- with all your professional skill -- of the body of the people which has been entrusted to you, not only in the positive sense of furthering the propagation of the fit, but also in the negative sense of eliminating the unfit and defective. The methods by which racial hygiene proceeds are well known to you: control of marriage, propagation of the genetically fit whose genetic, biologic constitution promises healthy descendants: discouragement of breeding by individuals who do not belong together properly, whose races clash: finally, the exclusion of the genetically inferior from future generations by sterilization and other means."

    Pernkopf remained dean until 1943, during which time he completed his first atlas, then from 1943 to 1945 he was Rektor Magnificus (president) of the University of Vienna. His rise to this position could not have happened without the approval of the NSDAP-controlled Ministry of Education in Berlin.

    His anatomical atlas, the magnificently illustrated Topographische Anatomie des Menschen (Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy), maps the human body in exquisite detail and has been hailed as one of the most important anatomic atlases since the work of Vesalius. In the mid 1990s, however, when the university's wartime practices were investigated, it was assumed that Pernkopf arranged for the bodies of nearly 1400 people executed by the Gestapo, mostly for political reasons, to serve as models for the atlas' drawings. This is not a settled question, however.

    His work on the atlas began in 1933 when he signed a contract with the Urban & Schwarzenberg, then based in Vienna, and attracted a number of gifted Viennese artists who could render his meticulous dissections in incredible detail. Their collaboration coincided with the development and refinement of four-colour separation, a printing technique which enabled the more than 800 watercolour paintings produced for his work to be reproduced in colour with great fidelity to the originals.

    Like Pernkopf, the artists were also active party members. The first of them was Erich Lepier (1898-1974) who, for a while, signed his paintings with a Hakenkreuz (swastika). Lepier became the leader of the other artists who followed, of which the most important were Ludwig Schrott, Jr. (1906-1970), Karl Endtresser (1903-1978), and Franz Batke (1903-1983). After the war they were joined by Werner Platzer.

    Although never charged with war crimes, Pernkopf spent three years in an Allied prison camp near Salzburg after the war. When he was released in 1948 he was in many ways a broken and dispirited man, but returned to the university, stripped of all titles, to resume work on his atlas. He died suddenly of a stroke while working on the first book of the fourth volume.