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ePub Innocent Bystanders: Developing Countries and the War on Drugs download

by Philip Keefer,Norman Loayza

ePub Innocent Bystanders: Developing Countries and the War on Drugs download
Author:
Philip Keefer,Norman Loayza
ISBN13:
978-0821380345
ISBN:
0821380346
Language:
Publisher:
World Bank Publications; 1st ed. 2010 edition (March 24, 2010)
Category:
Subcategory:
Social Sciences
ePub file:
1372 kb
Fb2 file:
1772 kb
Other formats:
lrf docx mbr doc
Rating:
4.2
Votes:
779

Innocent Bystanders book.

Innocent Bystanders book. Details (if other): Cancel. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Innocent Bystanders: Developing Countries and the War on Drugs.

Drug use and abuse is one of the most difficult challenges facing the contemporary world. If it is true that there has always been consumption of different types of drugs in different societies, although not in all of them, it is no less true that it generally took place in restricted, socially regulated realms, especially in ritualistic ceremonies. This is not the case today. Drug use has spread to all segments of society, with hedonistic motivations; although it is often not socially sanctioned, users are at times, depending on the drug, treated with leniency.

Innocent Bystanders: Developing Countries and the War on Drugs. Philip Keefer, Norman Loayza. Скачать (pdf, 12. 3 Mb). Local Institutions And Livelihoods: Guidelines For Analysis. Norman Messer, Philip Townsley. Category: История, Военная история. Category: Математика, Анализ.

Such extreme responses risk unintended, costly consequences. The evidence presented here is that these consequences are high in the case of current drug policies, particularly for poor transit and producer countries. me 0821380346%2C 0821380362. me 0821380346, 0821380362. Скачать с помощью Mediaget.

book by Norman Loayza. Innocent Bystanders : Developing Countries and the War on Drugs.

Keefer, Philip and Loayza, Norman, ed. Drug use and abuse is one of the most difficult challenges facing the contemporary world.

Keefer, Philip and Loayza, Norman, eds. (2010) Innocent bystanders: developing countries and the war on drugs. Washington: The World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan.

1 Uncertainty over benefits and the high costs of current policies relative to alternatives justifies greater emphasis on lower cost policies and more conscientious and better-funded efforts to assess the benefits of all policies.

The drug policies of wealthy consuming countries emphasize criminalization, interdiction, and eradication. Such extreme responses to social challenges risk unintended, costly consequences. The evidence presented in this volume is that these consequences are high in the case of current drug policies, particularly for poor transit and producer countries. These costs include the deaths of thousands in the conflict between drug cartels and security forces, political instability, and the infiltration of criminal elements into governments, on the one hand; and increased narcotics use in countries that would not otherwise have been targeted by drug suppliers. Despite such costs, extreme policies could be worthwhile if their benefits were significantly higher than those of more moderate, less costly policies. The authors review the evidence on the benefits of current policies and find that they are clouded in uncertainty: eradication appears to have no permanent effect on supply; the evidence on criminalization does not exclude either the possibility that its effects on drug consumption are low, or that they are high. Uncertainty over benefits and the high costs of current policies relative to alternatives justifies greater emphasis on lower cost policies and more conscientious and better-funded efforts to assess the benefits of all policies.