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by Joachim Radkau

ePub Wood: A History download
Joachim Radkau
Polity; 1 edition (December 12, 2011)
Biological Sciences
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Joachim Radkau (born October 4, 1943) is a German historian. Radkau was born in Oberlübbe, now Hille, Landkreis Minden.

Joachim Radkau (born October 4, 1943) is a German historian. Son of a Protestant priest, he studied history in Münster, Berlin (Freie Universität) and Hamburg from 1963 to 1968. He was influenced . His doctorate 1970 treated the role of German immigrants 1933-45 on Franklin D. Roosevelt. From 1971 on he started to teach at Bielefeld University.

Joachim Radkau's Wood: A History takes the long view of human interaction with our most immediate material, from . Wood is an old material with a great future. This book, despite its scholarship and enthusiasm, is not the vehicle to bring that vital message to a wider readership.

Wood is an old material with a great future. Independent culture newsletter. The best in film, music, TV & radio straight to your inbox.

Joachim Radkau, Wood: A History. Article in The Journal of Modern History 85(4):915-917 · January 2013 with 18 Reads. How we measure 'reads'. A diptych is a pair of panels made mainly of Ivory, but also of precious metal, or wood, joined together by hinges, and datable to Late Antiquity. Keywords:archaeology;Byzantine history;Late Antiquity.

Joachim Radkau is professor of modern history at Bielefeld University, Germany. His previous publications include Wood: A History and Max Weber: A Biography. Articles featuring joachim. The Age of Melting Glaciers. Joachim Radkau wants us to think of our current historical era as The Age of Ecology.

Patrick Camiller, Cambridge, Polity, 2011, pp. 352, 66 b/w illustrations, . 00, 2. 0 pounds, ISBN 9780745646886.

Электронная книга "Wood: A History", Joachim Radkau. Эту книгу можно прочитать в Google Play Книгах на компьютере, а также на устройствах Android и iOS. Выделяйте текст, добавляйте закладки и делайте заметки, скачав книгу "Wood: A History" для чтения в офлайн-режиме.

tzi the iceman could not do without wood when he was climbing his Alpine glacier, nor could medieval cathedral-builders or today's construction companies. From time immemorial, the skill of the human hand has developed by working wood, so much so that we might say that the handling of wood is a basic element in the history of the human body.

Ötzi the iceman could not do without wood when he was climbinghis Alpine glacier, nor could medieval cathedral-builders ortoday's construction companies. From time immemorial, the skill ofthe human hand has developed by working wood, so much so that wemight say that the handling of wood is a basic element in thehistory of the human body. The fear of a future wood famine becamea panic in the 18th century and sparked the beginnings of modernenvironmentalism.

This book traces the cultural history of wood and offers ahighly original account of the connection between the raw materialand the human beings who benefit from it. Even more, it shows thatwood can provide a key for a better understanding of history, ofthe pecularities as well as the varieties of cultures, of aco-evolution of nature and culture, and even of the rise and fallof great powers. Beginning with Stone Age hunters, it follows thetwists and turns of the story through the Middle Ages and theIndustrial Revolution to the global society of the twenty-firstcentury, in which wood is undergoing a varied and unexpectedrenaissance. Radkau is sceptical of claims that wood is about todisappear, arguing that such claims are self-serving argumentspromoted by interest groups to secure cheaper access to, andcontrol over, wood resources. The whole forest and timber industryoften strikes the outsider as a world unto itself, a hermeticallysealed black box, but when we lift the lid on this box, as Radkaudoes here, we will be surprised by what we find within.

Wide-ranging and accessible, this rich historical analysis ofone of our most cherished natural resources will find a widereadership.

  • This book explores the various uses of wood, wood supplies, and assignment of rights to access wood starting from the middle ages and ending in the industrial era. For people interested in wood as a product, the development of technology and applications for its utilization, and effects of these on forests and communities, this book provides useful background particularly as it relates to Germany, and western Europe.

    The story goes something like this (at the cost of glossing over many of the interesting details): In the early year's wood was heavy and therefore difficult and expensive to transport as a heavy material. Demand for timber products came into conflict with agricultural uses, particularly feeding of pigs, but also cattle and sheep and of course production of fuel. People (mostly farmers) relied primarily on low or coppice forest techniques. Also litter raking from beach stands in particular was used to improve soil fertility for growing crops. The notion of timber shortages was used by different interests to establish rights of forest access including, agriculture (fuel, animal feed), the Navy (ships masts in particular), iron production (fuel), construction (building of houses using half timber construction), as well as protection of lands amongst the nobility for hunting. Many of these uses involved the need for high forests to produce timber rather than fuel and feed products. The resolution of who gained access to what were driven mostly by those who yielded the most power and authority. Drawing on the military tradition, the nobility appointed foresters to police their estates and to close the access for uses that conflicted with hunting (at first) or timber production (later on). Peasants revolted when they were prevented from gaining access to forests that once were commons. Naval interests tended to align with nobility and then the state to gain access to vital resources for purposes of defense. Due to the transportation problem, the large-scale local demand, and the need to stay in one location, particularly as capital investment increased in the production of cast iron (and later steel), the industry increasing gravitated toward ensuring a sustainable supply of timber. Radkau suggests that there were no real timber shortages in spite of what was being said at the time. There was potentially enough to serve everybody's interest, but the rights to access those needs were skewed to those with the power to control who accessed what. This seems to be a fair enough proposition, and it sounds a bit like the problem of food distribution in the modern world. Still I would have liked to see more a more solid justification for this assertion.

    Radkau spends quite a bit of time on the middle ages after which the pace starts to pick up covering the transition into the industrial age with the use of coal as an alternative fuel, the introduction of saws for the felling and processing of timber. Of interest here was the resistance to using these new technologies by the well established guilds that had a vested interest in protecting the status quo. Beyond this, Radkau then moves to the high industrial age with a focus on the development of synthetic glues and reconstituted wood products, including plywood, chip board, beams, etc. The book then ends with a comparison with the development of forest practices and utilization of forest products and services in other countries, particularly: Asia, Chine, Japan, India, and Nepal. The primary lesson here is that the history of forest use conservation in Europe is in many ways unique so care is needed in drawing too many cross cultural conclusions. Even the stories of Japan and China are very different.

    Finally there are 5 most interesting conclusions (the first one I just mentioned in terms of regional differences in history):

    1. Much of what we know about European forestry is due to the fact that the allocation and contesting of rights to forest users were matter of legal proceedings. This source of information is not available in other parts of the world.

    2. There are no conclusions that can be drawn as to which kind of forestry is best, private or public. Farmers (and herders) have at times played important roles in forest conservation; the interests of the people who live in the forest must always be given a high priority.

    3. Wood shortages did not lead the drive in Europe toward the development of alternative fuels materials, nor to the development of technologies that became the foundation for industrialization ion Europe.

    4. European forests are robust, i.e. resilient, and in cold northern climates people needed fuel to stay warm (as well as for cooking). Therefore there was always a need to conserve forest resources in the middle ages. Foresters only had to restrict the use of forests to ensure longer term growth and production.

    5. When looking at other regions, part of the discourse around forests should include fruit and olive trees, bamboo and other kinds of plants that confer similar kinds of social, economic and environmental benefits that trees for timber do.

    I really enjoyed reading the book and the figures were very interesting and useful in relaying some of the main points. Still I was left with the sense that the conclusions were not altogether self evident - that they needed further, and more detailed investigation. I also think that the author would agree with this. Having said that Radkau takes us on an interesting journey through European wood technology, forest use and regulation, and the the transition from the "wood age" to the industrial age. The conclusions are drawn with reference to the story behind them even if they deserve more thorough investigation. Overall I highly recommend the book for those interested in this subject area.

  • A great idea for a 5th year wedding anniversary, (the fifth year gift is wood). My husband is an avid reader and this was a perfect match for him and fits with being the gift for five years of marriage. It is an unique gift idea for your reader, book collector or craftsman at home.